Johannesburg and Pretoria
Johannesburg, often called Egoli meaning “the city of gold” by locals due to the rich deposits of gold which is mined there. The region is home to some of the deepest mines on the planet, many which are kilometres deep. Guests can get a glimpse into this mining history by visiting the Gold Reef City theme park. The city is the financial hub of southern Africa, and many businesses are based in an area called Sandton, one of the wealthiest places on the continent. Johannesburg stretches over most of the province called Gauteng and is one of the most urbanised areas in South Africa.
Guests generally incorporate a visit to the Apartheid museum to learn about South Africa’s oppressive past, struggle for freedom and reconciliation. They tour the nearby township of Soweto and acronym for South West Townships which was home to the black and coloured peoples during segregated years of Apartheid. Soweto is the only place in the world, where two Nobel prize winners lived on one street – Nelson Mandela, Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
Visitors can also head out to Maropeng and the Sterkfontein Caves where fossils of early hominid species have been found which have supported theories of the evolution of humans.